Systems Design Resources

May 10, 2021

Classic Papers
Paper Topic Authors What is it?
Amazon Dynamo Distributed Storage Amazon A highly available distributed data store built for Amazon's massive scale.
Big Table Distributed Storage Google A distributed storage system for managing structured data that is designed to scale to a very large size: petabytes of data across thousands of commodity servers
Google File System Distributed Storage Google A scalable distributed file system for large distributed data-intensive applications
Memcache at Facebook Distributed Storage Facebook How Facebook leverages memcached as a building block to construct and scale a distributed key-value store that supports the world’s largest social network.
Cassandra Distributed Storage Facebook A distributed storage system for managing very large amounts of structured data spread out across many commodity servers, while providing highly available service with no single point of failure.
Spanner Distributed Storage Google A scalable, multi-version, globallydistributed, and synchronously-replicated database.
Map Reduce Distributed Processing Google A programming model and an associated implementation for processing and generating large data sets
Spark Distributed Processing UC Berkeley A distributed memory abstraction that lets programmers perform in-memory computations on large clusters in a fault-tolerant manner
Apache Kafka Distributed Messaging LinkedIn A distributed messaging system for collecting and delivering high volumes of log data with low latency
Raft Distributed Consensus Stanford A consensus algorithm for managing a replicated log. See MIT Lecture for more.
TAO Architecture Facebook A simple data model and API tailored for serving Facebook's massive social graph, and TAO, its implementation.
Zookeeper Architecture Yahoo A service for coordinating processes of distributed applications.
Google Search Architecture Stanford Sergey and Larry Page's The Anatomy of a Hypertextual Web Search Engine Describing Google's Early Architecture.
Bitcoin Architecture Satoshi Nakomoto The White Paper that introduced Bitcoin to the world.
CAP Theorem Reflections Eric Brewer Eric Brewer Reflecting on the CAP Theorem.
Good Systems Blogs

All Things Distributed by Werner Vogels

High Scalability by Todd Hoff

On Digital Money by Ignacio Mas

Irrational Exuberance by Will Larson

Aggregated Resources

System Design Primer by Donne Martin (comprehensive guide)

Cracking the System Design Interview by Tian Pan (Good practical examples)


Whats App - A Reflection on Building Whats App Server

To Understand a new Systems Design Ask:
  • What is it? 
  • Why was it invented? 
  • How does it work?

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